Central Institute for Cotton Research

Know your cotton

  1. Cotton does not contain any chemicals and therefore is a natural product
  2. People with excessively dry skin condition, dermatologists always recommend wearing 100% cotton clothes for maximum comfort and minimum skin irritation
  3. “Absorbent” cotton will retain 24-27 times its own weight in water and is stronger when wet than dry.
  4. The British East India Company also traded in Indian cotton
  5. Cotton is a good conductor of heat. It draws heat away from your skin to keep you cool.
  6. At least 225 pair of jeans can be made from one 227kg of cotton.
  7. Cotton can be easily dyed various colours.
  8. Cotton can be easily dyed various colours.
  9. 48% of the world’s trade in fabric is in cotton.
  10. The ancient Indian epics-Ramayana and Mahabharat also speak of a variety of fabrics of those times.
  11. Cotton is a renewable resource, and it is also biodegradable
  12. Hoards of fragments of cotton material originating from Gujarat have been found in the Egyptian tombs at Fostat, belonging to 5th century A.D.
  13. Cotton is long lasting if well looked after
  14. Cottonseed now ranks second in terms of world oilseed production, behind soybeans.
  15. The stalk of the cotton plant is processed for the development of ethanol for petrol and diesel blends and is also used as mulch to improve soil organic matter
  16. US paper currency isn’t paper at all… it’s a blend of 75% cotton lint and 25% linen.
  17. Cotton is an unusual fiber as it is a thin, hollow tube like a straw.
  18. Around 30 species of insects attack cotton.
  19. Cotton does not contain any chemicals and therefore is a natural product
  20. The origin of Indian textiles can be traced to the Indus valley civilization.
  21. Second largest producer of raw cotton. The major producing states are Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh. The bulk of output is consumed domestically.
  22. Cotton is hypoallergenic meaning it doesn’t irritate sensitive skin or cause allergies. It is also good for asthmatics
  23. Cotton can be given a coating or a finish; so it can be used in products like heat-resistant firefighting uniforms
  24. Cotton can be easily dyed various colors because of its highly absorbent property
  25. Cotton tends not to be affected by sunlight so it can be used for curtains, tents and tarpaulins that receive lots of exposure to the sun
  26. Man-made fabrics don’t provide the same ventilation that natural fibers do
  27. Cotton is a renewable resource, and it’s also biodegradable
  28. Cotton has individuality & character. Each fiber grows a little differently–with sunshine & soil–and takes on characteristics that indicate its life & style… just like the people who wear it
  29. Cotton is very versatile. Combining it with different yarns gives it many variations; making it useful for many things like underwear, a sweater, a blouse, curtains, etc..
  30. Cotton bedsheets are cool and crisp, warm in winter, and cool in the summertime
  31. From a fashion Design stand point cotton is a great material to work with!
Compiled by : Dr. M. Sabesh; Updated on 29.05.2023
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