National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP-ICAR), New Delhi
Theme Area : Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
NAIP Component 4 : Basic and Strategic Research, Reg. No. of the proposal: C 2046

Consortium Leader :Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad

Consortium Partners :

Objectives of the sub-project

  • Generation of cropping system based information on population biology of major insect pests of rice and cotton required for robust model development
  • Development of pest forewarning models and decision support systems in rice and cotton for use at micro and macro levels

Project Description

Cotton and Rice account for nearly 70% of the pesticides used in the country. The decline in the natural enemy composition in rice ecosystem by 3.5 times and in cotton ecosystem by 12 times clearly indicates the ill effects of pesticides. Knowledge and information is the key to judicious pest management decisions, which can lead to rational use of pesticides. Integrated Pest Management is a system that emphasizes appropriate decision-making and depends heavily on accurate and timely information for field implementation by practitioners. Forecast of pests is an important component of the broad IPM philosophy. Past data sets on crop-pest-disease-weather relations will be used in development of a usable database. The sub project involves field studies in two major cropping systems: rice-based and cotton-based cropping systems for development of pest forewarning models based both on biological and ecological processes. The rice-based cropping systems include rice-ricepulse, rice-wheat and rice-rice-rice systems targeting stem borer, brown plant hopper, and white backed plant hopper and leaf folder. The cotton based cropping systems include cotton + pigeonpea/fallow, cotton-wheat and cotton-groundnut/maize sequence targeting mealy bug, mirid bugs, pink bollworm and Helicoverpa bollworm. These field studies will result in generating information on off-season survival, pest-carry over on alternate hosts and pestnatural enemy interactions. Complementing field studies, laboratory experiments under controlled environmental conditions will generate data on developmental growth rates for mealy bug and mirid bugs in cotton; WBPH and leaf folder in rice. These studies will lead to insect phenology models for estimating the timing of pest attack. Extrapolation of model results over larger areas is possible through remote sensing techniques. First, generation of spectral library using hand held spectro-radiometer for crop damage due to insect pests will aid in developing pest specific vegetation indices which in turn leads to area-wide crop condition assessment using space borne remote sensing data. Further, derivation of spatial distribution of meteorological variables will lead to extrapolation of model outputs at the regional level. Integration of all the four components i.e., past database; generated data on field, laboratory and remote sensing studies though the development of a decision support system will strengthen the on-going integrated pest management delivery in rice and cotton with objectivity.

Main innovations being attempted are:

  • Earlier pest forewarning models are based on individual crops. However, pest population dynamics cannot be understood properly unless the whole cropping systems are studied. Therefore, in this study the approach is cropping system based which will include bio-ecological variables like off-season survival, pest-carry over and natural enemies to account for variability in pest populations to a higher extent so that the forewarning models are more practical and useful.
  • Use of hyper-spectral technique for pest detection is still evolving and has ambiguities. In this study the technique will be used to detect and resolve the ambiguities with respect to insect pests of rice and cotton.

Outputs

  • Field population dynamics for four major pests (stem borer Scirpophaga incertulas, brown plant hopper Nilaparvata lugens, white-backed plant hopper Sogatella furcifera, leaf folder Cnaphalocrosis medinalis) of rice based cropping systems (Rice-Rice-Pulse, Rice-Wheat, Rice-Rice-Rice) and four pests (mealy bug, Phenacoccus solenopsis; mirid bugs, Crenotiades spp and Ragmus spp; Pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossyppiella and American bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera) of cotton based cropping systems (cotton-wheat, cotton-groundnut/maize and cotton+pigeonpea-fallow).
  • Establish relationships between ambient temperature and growth rates of different developmental stages of mealy bug, mirid bug in cotton; white-backed plant hopper and leaf folder in rice.
  • Establishment of spectral signatures for crop damage due to cotton mealy bug; brown plant hopper, white backed plant hopper and leaf folder in rice using hyperspectral radiometry.
  • Development of pest forewarning models for six cropping systems.
  • Integrated decision support systems for rice and cotton pest management in six cropping systems.

Expected outcome and impact of the project

  • The most important outcome of the project would be an understanding of the cropping system based population dynamics and development of more robust pest forewarning models.
  • Combining ground level studies on crop and pest damage; satellite borne remote sensing data and derivation of spatially distributed meteorological variables will lead to extrapolation of pest forewarning at macro level

Activities for CICR

Objective/activity Milestone and when to be attained Expected output
First Year
Second Year
Third Year
S.Vennila (SV), G. Majumdar (GM) (Nagpur), Dharajothi (DJ), M Sabesh (MS), M Amutha (MA)(Coimbatore),
Rishi Kumar (RK) (Sirsa)

Objective 1: Generation of cropping system based information on population biology of major insect pests of rice and cotton required for robust model development

Field cum laboratory studies on field growth rates for mealy bug, pink bollworm and mirids in cotton.
(SV, MA, DJ, MS, RK)

Field growth rates and key mortality factors quantified; Scientific methods of sampling for mealy bugs and mirids

Field growth rates and key mortality factors quantified

-

Publication

Developmental rates for Mealybug and mirids (SV, MA, DJ, RK)

Constant temperature experiments for each life stage

Constant temperature experiments for each life stage

-

Publication

Cropping system based field studies on population dynamics of target pests in cotton at Nagpur (Cotton + Pigeonpea -Fallow), Sirsa (Cotton-Wheat) and Coimbatore (Cotton-Groundnut / Cotton-Maize)
(SV, MA, GM, DJ, RK)

Population dynamics of mealy bug, mirid bug, Pink bollworm and other cotton pests in different cropping system scenarios

Population dynamics of target pests, GIS technique to study cotton based cropping systems for spatial and temporal relationships for an identified location

Population dynamics in cropping systems for validation

Models based on data mining; Publication

Generation of spectral library using hand held spectro radio meter for crop damage due mealybug in cotton
(SV, MA, DJ, RK)

Spectral profiles of crop damage associated with target pests in cotton

Spectral profiles of crop damage associated with target pests in cotton

-

Spectral library for pest damage in cotton

Objective 2: Development of pest forewarning models and decision support systems in rice and cotton for use at micro and macro levels

Compilation and analysis of historical data sets (pest bio-ecology, distribution, crop and pest management practices, models and existing decision support systems) for all pests including diseases in cotton
(SV, MA, MS, RK)

Compilation of existing information Design of standard dataset formats

Updating past data

-

Compiled existing knowledge and past data

Development of pest forewarning models through use of generated key biotic and abiotic parameters and existing database
(SV, MA, GM, DJ, RK, MS)

Pest forewarning modeling for cotton pests using past database

Pest forewarning modeling for cotton pests using generated data

Pest forewarning modeling for cotton pests using both past and generated data

Forewarning models for cotton pests

Development of decision support systems cotton
(SV, MA, GM, DJ, MS, RK)

Development of DSS framework

Integration of pest models & DSS

DSS for pests in cotton

Name of the lead Consortium (Consortium leader)
Consortium leader Website Designation of Head of Organization Telephone/Email

Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad

www.crida.ernet.in

Director

Phone:040-24530177 director@crida.ernet.in , ramakrishna.ys@crida.ernet. in

Names of cooperating institutions (Consortium partners)

Central Institute for Cotton Research, Nagpur

http://cicr.org.in

Director

Phone:07103-275536 cicrngp@rediffmail.com

Directorate of Rice Research, Hyderabad

http://www.drricar.org

Project Director

Phone:040-24015120 pdrice@drricar.org

Space Application Centre, Ahmedabad

http://www.sac.gov.in

Director

Phone:079-26913344 director@sac.isro.gov.in

National Centre for Integrated Pest Management, New Delhi

http://www.ncipm.org.in

Director

Phone:011-25843958 ipmnet@bol.net.in


Name and designation of the lead scientist of the lead institution
Consortium Principal Investigator(CPI) University/Institute/
Organisation  
Telephone, Fax Number Email

Dr.Y.G.Prasad Principal Scientist (Agril.Entomology)

Central Research Institute for
Dryland Agriculture, Santoshnagar,
Hyderabad-500 059

Phone:040-24530161
Ext:259(Off); 040-23511849 (Res);
Fax:040-24531802;
Mobile:09490192749
ygprasad@crida.ernet.in ;
ygprasad@gmail.com

Name and designation of the cooperating scientist of the lead institution
Name of the Co-Principal Investigator(CCPI) University/Institute/
Organisation
Telephone, Fax Number Email

Dr.M.Prabhakar
Senior Scientist
(Agril.Entomology )

Central Research Institute for
Dryland Agriculture, Santoshnagar,
Hyderabad-500 059

Phone:040-24530161, Ext:315 (Off);
040-23347845 (Res);
Fax:040-24531802;
Mobile :09963101951
mprabhakar@crida.ernet.in
prabhakar_mathyam@yahoo.com

Name and designation of the cooperating scientists of each cooperating institution
Name of the
Consortium Co-Principal Investigator(CCPI)  
University/Institute/
Organisation
Telephone, Fax Number Email

Dr.Vishlesh Nagrare
Scientist
(Agril. Entomology)

Central Institute for Cotton Research
(CICR), Post Bag No.2,Shankarnagar( PO),
Nagpur ,440 010

Phone:07103-275536(Off),
Phone:0712-2232190(Res)
Fax:07103-275529;
Mob: 09420397178
vs.nagrare@gmail.com

Dr. G. Katti Principal Scientist (Agril.Entomology)

Directorate of Rice Research, (DOR) Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500 030

Phone:040-24015036 Ext 230(Off)
Fax:040-24015308
Mobile :09490312860
gururajkatti@yahoo.com

Dr. Sujay Datta
Scientist SE

Space Application Centre (SAC),
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Satellite Road ,Ahmedabad-380 015

Phone:079-26914003(Off)
Phone:079-26766833(Res)
Mobile :09427704745
sujaydutta@sac.isro.gov.in


National Centre for Integrated Pest Management (NCIPM),
Pusa, New Delhi-110 012

Phone:011- 25843958/35/36(Off)
Fax:011-25841472
Mobile :09810644002
dhandapani.appavoo@gmail.com


Name and designation of the cooperating scientists of each cooperating institution
Name of the Co-Principal
Investigator(Co-PI)
University/Institute/
Organisation  
Telephone/Email

Dr.K.V.Rao
Senior Scientist
(SWC Engineering)

CRIDA, Hyderabad

Mobile :09441067855
kvrao@crida.ernet.in

Dr. K. Nagasree
Scientist Senior Scale (Agril.Extn.)

CRIDA, Hyderabad

Phone:040-24074870
knagasri@crida.ernet.in

Mr. A.V. M. Subba Rao
Scientist Sr.Scale
(Agrometeorology)

CRIDA, Hyderabad

Mobile :09848980996
avmsrao@crida.ernet.in

Dr. G. R. Maruthi Shankar
Principal Scientist (Agril.Statistics)

CRIDA, Hyderabad

Mobile :09705374843
gmsankar@crida.ernet.in

Dr. G. Majumdar
Senior Scientist
(Selection Grade)

CICR, Nagpur

Mobile :09890616818
gama62@rediffmail.com

Dr. B. Dharajyoti
Senior Scientist
(Agril.Entomology)

CICR,
Regional Station,Coimbatore

Mobile :0943379355
dhara56@yahoo.co.in

Dr. M. Sabesh
Scientist(Sr. Scale)
(Computer Applications)

CICR,
Regional Station,Coimbatore

Mobile :09443115368
sabesh23@gmail.com

Dr. M. Amutha
Scientist
(Agril.Entomology)

CICR,
Regional Station,Coimbatore

Mobile:09842674280
amuento@yahoo.co.in

Dr. Rishi Kumar
Senior Scientist
(Agril.Entomology)

CICR,
Regional Station, Sirsa

Mobile :09466375285
rishivivek@rediffmail.com

Dr. V. Jhansi Lakshmi
Senior Scientist
(Agril.Entomology)

DRR, Hyderabad

Phone:040-24015036
jhansidrr@yahoo.co.in ,
vjhansi@drricar.org

Dr. A. P. Padmakumari
Senior Scientist
(Agril.Entomology)

DRR, Hyderabad

Phone:040-24015036
padmaapk@lycos.com

Dr. Ch. Padamavathi
Senior Scientist
(Agril.Entomology)

DRR, Hyderabad

Phone:040-24015036
Paddi68@rediffmail.com
cpadmavathi@drricar.org

Dr. B. K. Battacharya
Scientist
(Agricultural Meteorology)
Agriculture, Forest & Env.Group

SAC,Ahmedabad

Phone:079-26914302
bkbhattacharya@sac.isro.gov.in ;
bkbbhatt@yahoo.com

Dr. K. Vasant Bhanu,
Scientist(Entomology)

APRRI,Maruteru
(ANGRAU)

Phone:08819-246283
vasanta99@yahoo.com

Dr. P. S.Sarao,
Assistant Entomologist

PAU, Ludhiana

Mobile:09872006248
preetento@yahoo.co.in

Dr. S. Suresh,
Professor
(Rice Entomologist)

TNAU, Coimbatore

Mobile :09443430232
ssuresh@india.com

Dr.R.C.Dani,
Entomologist

CRRI, Cuttack

Phone:0671-2367653
rcdani@rediffmail.com

Dr.Mayabini Jena,
Entomologist

CRRI, Cuttack

Mobile:09777193950
Mayabini_jena@rediffmail.com

Dr.C. R.Satpathi,
Entomologist

BCKV, Mohanpur

Mobile:09331048700
csatpathi2003@yahoo.co.in

Dr. D. K. Das
Senior Scientist
(Agrometeorology)

NCIPM, New Delhi

Mobile :09868373223
debkumar_das@yahoo.com

Dr. P. Jeyakumar
Senior Scientist
(Agril.Entomology)

NCIPM, New Delhi

Mobile :09810471113
pjkumar_ento@rediffmail.com


Information compiled, Page designed and developed by M. Sabesh, Scientist(SS), CICR, Coimbatore